The oldest form of medicinal plant cultivation in Russia were monastic gardens, some of which, along with the cultivation of vegetables was also planted the garden “selinah herbs”.
Appeared in 1606 the first Russian court pharmacy used the drugs more exclusively of foreign origin. And only in 1630 (after the establishment of the pharmaceutical order) first mentioned about the organization in Russia wild collection of medicinal herbs through special collectors, so-called “pumas” or “herbalists”, who were parties all summer to collect herbs under the supervision of writ of the people or the local Governor.
Besides time, the beginning of cultivation of medicinal plants in Russia. In the second half of the XVII century in Moscow and its surroundings were established 4 the Apothecary garden, which occupied a small area and cultivated for up to 20 different plants, giving yields as measured in the tens bundles.
In the eighteenth century organized a network of new pharmaceutical vegetable gardens: in 1706, in Moscow, in 1709 – in Lubny and in the village of Terny in the province of Poltava, in 1713, in St. Petersburg in 1720 – in Astrakhan and in 1763 – in Tobolsk. Were created Apothecary gardens when hospitals.
St. Petersburg pharmaceutical garden was made in 1752 about 300 species of medicinal plants, but later lost its pharmaceutical person and turned into Botanicheskaya, which was named in 1823 the Cultivation of medicinal plants, nevertheless, it lasted until 1842,while the demands for medicinal plants have not stopped. Until then, while the St. Petersburg Botanical garden, handed over free of charge in state pharmaceutical store their products in 300 and 400 pounds – it was supported, but only with 1830 stopped free vacation, products began to fall, prekratilis perfectly to 1842, when the Treasury decided that it is cheaper to buy medicinal herbs abroad. Continue reading
Although pharmacology and very well developed in our day, herbal teas remain in the Arsenal of all Housewives as a healing tool. Medicinal herbs of the Crimea is much closer to the human body than drugs. Their therapeutic effect, though proceeding slowly, but with almost no side effects and is much longer.
In Crimea grows a lot of medicinal plants, name and purpose of which we list below in alphabetical order.
Adonis spring is used when failure of the cardiovascular activity and for repairing the nervous system.
Astragalus slackenerny in folk medicine recommended for cataracts of the respiratory tract, bloody diarrhea, gastro – intestinal disorders.
The Berberis vulgaris is used in the diets. The juice is used in inflammation of lungs, fever, coughing. Reveals anti-inflammatory, choleretic and diuretic effect.
The herbaceous periwinkle exhibits hypotensive and hypoglycemic basis.
Pimpernel saxifrage used in bronchial asthma, chronic gastritis, rheumatism, kidney stones. Juice removes dark spots.
Black henbane is applied with cramps, as an analgesic and a sedative.
Blocotenol Black is used as tonic. Continue reading
Features healing folk remedies — wheat grass. All fans to raise vegetables on his plot known weed such as couch grass. To get rid of it quite difficult because of the long roots, coie stretch horizontally under the ground and increase the number of sprouted plants.
But in addition harm the vegetable garden, wheat grass has the ability to bring and use, as it is vigorously used in folk medicine. To meet this plant quite easily in all the countries of the Northern hemisphere, coye are in a zone with a temperate climate.
Luminary scientists to establish that the roots of a plant can pin the sandy shores, and breeders have even created hybrid wheat. Although in this article we will talk about the medicinal properties of this plant.
Of key importance are the roots of the weed, because they contain a lot of useful agents (fatty oils, organic acids and vitamins). Often only Wheatgrass is used to treat diseases of the urinary tract (cystitis, nephritis, kidney stone disease). He is able to relieve the inflammation and pain. Infusions on the base of the plants well relieve swelling, in the quantities and on the internal organs, help to relieve pain in gout and arthritis. From respiratory diseases wheat grass is used as an expectorant to help treat bronchitis, tuberculosis or pneumonia. Enema with a decoction of herbs primenjajutsja healing of hemorrhoids. Not a very strong decoction is able to calm the nerves and fight insomnia. Continue reading