Medicinal plants and their use
Practical medicine from the earliest times uses medicinal plants for their own purposes. Starting from the times of primitive communal system, the first people used the medicinal properties of plants to treat their diseases. In our days relevant is the use of medicinal plants for the treatment and support of people’s health.
The percentage of medicines based on plant raw materials relative to synthetic drugs – great. For example, in Russia it is about 40% of the total weight. In Europe and Asia it is much higher. In the US, where preference is given to preparations of synthetic origin, 26.2% of drugs have in their composition substances of medicinal plants.
In the last decades significantly increased the use of drugs, which are active ingredients derived from medicinal plants. One of the reasons that led to such a turn of events has been the emergence of drug disease. Drug disease was the result of increased use of medicines of synthetic origin. The main advantages of medicinal plants are: the absence of significant side effects, they are suitable for long-term use, low toxicity and good performance with complex effects.
It is necessary to take into account that today, a lot of valuable medicinal preparations made only from serialising plants. There are differences between some drugs of natural origin and their synthetic analogues. For example, the synthetic Camphor is used externally only, as obtained from the Laurus camphor can be used for injection.
Advantages of biologically active substances of medicinal plants regarding synthetic analogues is obvious. They can be used in long-term care. The human body absorbs them easily, unlike the synthetic medium. They do not produce drug disease. They remain active against strains of microorganisms and viruses that have become resistant to the medicines of synthetic origin and antibiotics.
Consider the basic ways of application of medicinal plants and their active substances.
Receive a method of drying plant raw materials and subsequent milling.
Herbal teas and teas.
Obtained by mixing several types of plants.
Are applied externally. The binder component in the ointment is petrolatum, oil, lanolin or lard. They added tinctures, extracts, or fresh juices of medicinal plants.
Are extracts from medicinal plants. To obtain tinctures, finely ground crude drug is poured and infused with alcohol. After filtering and bringing to readiness, tinctures can be stored for quite a long time.
These are concentrated extracts from medicinal plants. Their production is water, ether or alcohol. Applied in the form of drops.
Fresh raw material is passed through a juicer or grinder. The obtained fresh juice is used immediately, otherwise, for further storage, you add 20% alcohol.
Still, from medicinal plants is possible to make emulsions, syrups, poultices, potions, water baths, etc.